March 23, 2008

Yaakov Meridor (1913-1995)

Yaakov Meridor was born 1913 in Poland, which was then part of the Russian Empire.

Meridor immigrated to Eretz Israel in 1932 and a year later joined the Irgun. He Accompanied David Raziel on the operation in Iraq, during which Raziel died. Meridor was then appointed Irgun Chief Commander.

In 1943, Meridor relinquished command of the Irgun to Menahem Begin. Held senior positions in the Irgun until the Haganah handed him over to the British (1945).

He was held in various detention camps in Africa with other members of the underground, and carried out daring escape attempts. In 1948 an escape succeeded and he arrived in Israel on the day the state was declared. Begin assigned him the task of dealing with the Irgun's integration in the IDF.

Meridor was one of the founders of Herut movement and served as member of the First to the Sixth Knesset. In 1981 he was appointed by Prime Minister Begin as Minister of Economics and Planning .

Meridor authored "Long is the Way to Freedom."

Bio taken from the Irgun website: